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Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus addresses the Republican Leadership Conference in New Orleans in 2011. (PHOTO: CHRISTOPHER HALLORAN/SHUTTERSTOCK)

Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus addresses the Republican Leadership Conference in New Orleans in 2011. (PHOTO: CHRISTOPHER HALLORAN/SHUTTERSTOCK)

It’s Not the States, It’s the Party

• March 12, 2013 • 10:23 AM

Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus addresses the Republican Leadership Conference in New Orleans in 2011. (PHOTO: CHRISTOPHER HALLORAN/SHUTTERSTOCK)

GOP chairman Reince Priebus says putting Republicans in more primaries and caucuses would make them more competitive in the general election. But the data disagrees.

GOP chairman Reince Priebus recently gave an interview with the Des Moines Register in which he seemed to be arguing for an expansion in the number of primaries and caucuses in which Republican presidential candidates compete. If I understand his argument correctly, he’s saying that by getting involved in these early party contests, the Republican candidates will be better equipped to compete in those states in the general election. As he says,

The issue is that in the past, it wasn’t just Iowa and New Hampshire and South Carolina. It used to be that we fought over states like Washington and California. We actually fought in the Northeast. And we were winning in places like Delaware and New Jersey. Now we’re not winning any of those places. So my point is we’re not going to improve as a party if we’re holding a national election in eight states.

In reality, it’s far from obvious that competing in a primary or caucus makes you any more competitive in a general election. But beyond that, Priebus’ argument ignores the fact that Republican presidential candidates are already competing in quite a few states. As Jamelle Bouie notes, after the first three contests last year, the Republicans competed in key swing states like Nevada, Colorado, and Florida: “By Super Tuesday, Republicans had voted in eleven primaries, the majority of which were in swing states or places where the GOP was trying to become more competitive.”

If Republicans are having a hard time reaching out to the voters of swing states in a general election, it’s not that they’re failing to campaign there during primaries and caucuses. The problem, as Bouie suggests, is just who participates in those primaries and caucuses. Here are some demographic comparisons between Florida’s GOP primary electorate and its general election electorate in 2012:

fl gop income fl gop age fl gop race

What the charts show is that the key swing state of Florida has a general electorate that is a lot poorer, younger, and less white than the folks who turn out for the Republican presidential primary. And Florida isn’t unique in this regard.

Of course, it’s not like the people that show up for Democratic primaries are much more representative of the general electorate, either. The point is, you can bring the party to as many states as you want. But if only a narrow, unrepresentative slice of people are going to show up, your message isn’t necessarily going to get to the people you need in November.

(h/t Scott McClurg)

Seth Masket
Seth Masket is a political scientist at the University of Denver, specializing in political parties, state legislatures, campaigns and elections, and social networks. He is the author of No Middle Ground: How Informal Party Organizations Control Nominations and Polarize Legislatures (University of Michigan Press, 2009). Follow him on Twitter @smotus.

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